Complications from rubella are more likely in adults than tamariki.
Although rubella is usually very mild it can have some of the following risks.
- Rash and painful swollen glands.
- Painful joints in adults and adolescents.
- Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) in about 1 in 6,000 cases.
Pregnancy and rubella
Rubella is serious if you get it in the early stages of pregnancy. Unborn pēpi are most at risk.
It is highly likely to cause serious issues in developing pēpi. This is called Congenital Rubella Syndrome.
Pēpi born with Congenital Rubella Syndrome who were infected during pregnancy are considered infectious until they are 1 year old.
The risks of rubella during pregnancy are highest in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy. They drop to about 10 to 20% by 16 weeks of the pregnancy.
Risks in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy
Getting rubella during early pregnancy can cause serious health issues for your pēpi.
85% of pēpi infected with rubella during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy will have a major abnormality, such as:
- brain damage
- a heart defect
- intellectual disability
- behavioural problems.