Kōtureture Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection passed on by having sex. It is easy to catch and easy to treat. You may not have any symptoms so if you are sexually active, it is a good idea to get tested.

How you get chlamydia

Chlamydia is passed on during oral, vaginal or anal sexual contact, or sharing of sex toys. Penetration (full sex) does not need to happen to spread the infection. It can also be passed from pregnant people to their babies during childbirth.

Symptoms of chlamydia

Many people with chlamydia do not have any symptoms.

People with a vagina may have:

  • vaginal discharge
  • pain when they wee
  • pain during sex
  • unusual vaginal bleeding
  • lower abdominal pain.

People with a penis may have:

  • a discharge from their penis
  • pain in their testicles.

If left untreated, chlamydia can cause more serious problems including infertility (not being able to have babies).

Diagnosing chlamydia

You can be tested for chlamydia with a simple swab or urine test. You may be able to take the swab yourself.

Even if you feel embarrassed, it is better to get a simple check than to have untreated chlamydia.

Treating chlamydia

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. Your sexual partner will need to be treated at the same time.

You should avoid sex or use condoms until 7 days after you and your partner have been treated.

Preventing chlamydia

Using a condom every time you have sex is the best way to protect yourself from getting or passing on chlamydia.

Safer sex and condoms

Youth Projects

A quick video about chlamydia, including how it is spread and its treatment.

Just the Facts

Information about chlamydia.

Just the Facts

Information on where to get a sexual health check.

Clinical review

This content was written by HealthInfo clinical advisers. It has been adapted for Health Information and Services.

Clinical advisers — HealthInfo (external link)

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